In the Name of Democracy- JP Movement and the Emergency
by Bipan Chandra
When Jayaprakash Narayan, the leader of the JP movement in north India, pressed for the resignation of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, it prompted her to impose internal Emergency. In this fascinating account, Bipan Chandra traces the events that led up to this moment and makes some startling revelations. He finds that there was a real danger of the JP movement turning fascist, given the fuzzy ideology of Total Revolution, its confused leadership and dependence on the RSS for its organization. At the same time, despite the authoritarianism inherent in the Emergency, particularly with the rising power of Sanjay Gandhi and his Youth Congress brigade, Indira Gandhi did end it and call for elections.
About The Author
Bipan Chandra (19282014) was born in Kangra, Himachal Pradesh. He was educated at Forman Christian College, Lahore and at Stanford University, California. He was professor of modern history at Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, member of the University Grants Commission and chairman of the National Book Trust. He was a prolific writer, who founded the journal Enquiry and wrote several books on nationalism, colonialism and communalism in modern India.